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Brazil is in Europe's sights to be a Green Hydrogen POLE: Northeast is the gold mine that can consolidate the country as a global energy power

Written by Valdemar Medeiros
Published 18/06/2024 às 08:16
Brazil is in Europe's sights to be a Green Hydrogen POLE
Photo: Purely illustrative illustration of a green hydrogen plant in Brazil

The green hydrogen project in Brazil prioritizes the Northeast due to its strategic location and abundance of renewable resources in this part of the country.

Brazil is very close to becoming a major global supplier of green hydrogen, a type of sustainable energy that has great potential to revolutionize the global energy matrix. Due to the abundance of renewable resources in the Northeast region of the country, Brazil is able to position itself as a strategic supplier for the European continent, which has sought to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels, due to the crisis arising from the War in Ukraine.

Northeast Brazil is a true 'gold mine' of green hydrogen

Being one of the most common elements found in the universe, green hydrogen plays several essential roles in everyday life, from the manufacture of fertilizers, to cleaning products, plastics and paints, in addition to being found in its most abundant form: water.

However, hydrogen in its purest form has high energy potential, containing 3 times more energy than 1 L of gasoline. Furthermore, green hydrogen does not release toxic substances during burning.

With Europe wanting to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels, the partnership with Brazil appears as a potential strategic solution, as our country has energy matrix made up of 83% renewable sources. Furthermore, there are excellent climatic conditions in Brazil, which enhances the generation of wind and solar energy, opening space for the generation of green hydrogen.

Green Hydrogen Project in Brazil: Northeast could be key for the country to become a global supplier

The Brazilian Northeast, as a region that can make good use of the sun and winds, has increasingly stood out as a great power in the clean energy generation.

With approximately 700 wind farms built in the Northeast region alone, around 85% of national wind energy production is concentrated in states such as Rio Grande do Norte, which is the main producer not only in the country, but in Latin America. Ceará and Bahia are also major highlights in the renewable energy sector.

The strategic location of ports in the northeastern states also contributes to the transportation of hydrogen, simplifying logistics that, in most cases, are quite complex. Therefore, most of the green hydrogen projects in Brazil are applied in the Northeast region.

A Unigel, considered one of the most important chemical industries on the Latin American continent, announced the investment of 120 million dollars in a green hydrogen production project in Camaçari, Bahia. The new venture, in operation since the beginning of this year, has a capacity of more than 10 thousand tons of green hydrogen per year.

In Unigel's planning, the project should be quadrupled, expanding its production capacity by the year 2025, with an additional 1,4 billion dollars. By 2027, the company hopes to position itself in the market as the creator of the largest green hydrogen installation in the world.

Other giant projects in Brazil

There is not just one green hydrogen project in Brazil, but several billion-dollar projects in this sector. The French company Engie is planning to invest around 11 billion dollars in projects in Brazil, with the first 4 billion just in the initial phase, with the aim of building two plants in the Suape Industrial and Port Complex, located in Pernambuco.

Australian Fortescue will invest approximately 6 billion dollars in the construction of a green hydrogen plant in Pecém Complex, in the state of Ceará. Fortescue plans to achieve the global target of producing 15 million tonnes of green hydrogen annually by 2030.

The use of green hydrogen around the world

Brazil is not the only country with high potential in the production of green hydrogen, as it has the capacity to revolutionize several sectors, such as the mobility sector. In Germany, several tests have already been carried out on hydrogen-powered trains, creating a sustainable alternative to diesel-powered trains. In mid-2020, Germany revealed to the world the first electric truck, with an engine powered by hydrogen cells, considered a major technological advance.

Despite the great achievements achieved, it is necessary to remember that green hydrogen is not yet an immediate and absolute solution, as there are still various risks such as infrastructure, costs and distribution. For green hydrogen to become a 100% viable solution, it is necessary to ensure that the renewable energies that precede it can be expanded and accessible. Without this significant advance, the consolidation of green hydrogen will remain distant.

Therefore, for Brazil to be able to position itself as a strategic 'player' in the global green hydrogen market, it is necessary to develop and improve the infrastructure that we currently have in the renewable energy sector, so that, in the future, it will be possible to expand clean energy sources until reaching green hydrogen.

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Valdemar Medeiros

Journalist in training, specialist in creating content with a focus on SEO actions. Writes about the Automotive Industry, Renewable Energy and Science and Technology

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