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China invests a staggering amount, US$450 billion, in several megaprojects that are transforming the country's infrastructure and landscape

Written by Rafaela Fabris
Published 19/06/2024 às 19:24
China spends billions on these megaprojects
China is investing US$450 billion in a megaproject that ranges from the construction of giant hydroelectric plants to the creation of new cities. This project not only boosts the Chinese economy, but also redefines what is possible in terms of engineering and innovation. Image: Bahan Hydroelectric Plant/Disclosure

China is investing US$450 billion in megaprojects ranging from the construction of giant hydroelectric plants to the creation of new cities. This project not only boosts the Chinese economy, but also redefines what is possible in terms of engineering and innovation.

One of the parties most impressive aspects of this megaproject is the construction of the Bahan Hydroelectric Power Plant in China. Started in 2017, this plant is one of the largest in the world. With a height of 289 meters, the dam surpasses many skyscrapers.

It has 16 power units, each with a capacity of 1 million kW. The total cost? An incredible US$26 billion. This plant not only generates electricity but also helps with flood control, navigation and water management.

Another highlight is the longest railway viaduct in the world, almost 2.000 km long

It connects central and southwestern China to Inner Mongolia. With 216 pillars, the tallest reaching 74 meters, this viaduct facilitates the transport of heavy loads, such as coal, with a turnover capacity of 200 million tons per year.

The Three Gorges Dam, located on the Yangtze River, is another example of colossal engineering. Built over 18 years, this dam weighs 65,5 million tons and generates 100 terawatt-hours of energy annually, replacing the need to burn 50 million tons of coal.

To solve traffic problems and preserve the landscape, China built the Taiho Tunnel

The longest and widest underwater tunnel in the country, 11 km long. This tunnel, which cost tens of billions of dollars, allows drivers to cross Lake Tai in just 8 minutes.

China is also investing in architectural landmarks such as the Shanghai Tower, which is the tallest building in China at 632 meters tall, and the Guangzhou Opera House, designed by renowned architect Zaha Hadid. These designs are not only functional, but also symbolize the country's economic growth and architectural innovation.

In addition to buildings, China is literally moving mountains to create more living space

In an ambitious project, they are leveling mountains and using soil to fill valleys, expanding cities by hundreds of square kilometers.

These $450 billion megaprojects shows China's determination in leading global innovation and development. From hydroelectric plants to skyscrapers and underwater tunnels, each part of this project demonstrates the country's ability to transform landscapes and boost the economy in a sustainable and innovative way.

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Rafaela Fabris

Talks about innovation, renewable energy, oil and gas. Updates daily on opportunities in the Brazilian job market.

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