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Discover the Renaissance Dam project that will store 74 billion cubic meters of water from the Nile River: This mega construction will cost US$5 billion and promises to provoke regional conflicts!

Written by Roberta Souza
Published 21/06/2024 às 13:27
“Hydroelectric energy”, “energy”, “renewable energy”, “mega constructions”, “construction”
photo/reproduction: ia

The great dam of renaissance: A mega construction with the potential to transform the economy and provoke regional conflicts!

A Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is a monumental project of US $ 5 billion which promises to change the face of the country and, at the same time, raise tensions with neighboring nations such as Egypt and Sudan. With the ability to generate 5.150 megawatts of hydroelectric power, the dam aims to double Ethiopia's energy supply, boosting its economy and lifting millions of people out of poverty, according to constructiontime.

Boosting the economy and quality of life

Once completed, the dam will be able to store 74 billion cubic meters of water, enough to supply more than 26 million Olympic swimming pools. This monumental volume of water will not only generate renewable energy, but also will regulate the flow of the Nile River, minimizing the risks of floods and droughts that affect agriculture. Furthermore, the dam is expected to increase Ethiopia's agricultural and energy exports, cementing its position as an emerging economic force in Africa.

Regional tensions and complex negotiations

However, the Great Renaissance Dam is also a source of tension between Ethiopia and its neighbors. O Egypt, which depends on the Nile for its farming e water security, fears that the dam will significantly reduce water flow. Likewise, the Sudão, located downstream from Ethiopia, expresses concerns about possible impacts on its own water availability.

“Hydroelectric energy”, “energy”, “renewable energy”, “mega constructions”, “construction”
photo/reproduction: freepik

Negotiations between the Etiópia and the Egypt have been tense, with each country trying to secure its water interests. Despite diplomatic efforts, a definitive agreement has not yet been reached, increasing the risk of regional conflicts.

Hydropower: the best option for Ethiopia

A Hydro-electric energy is considered one of the ways more stable and lasting of energy production. Unlike solar and wind energy, which have a useful life of 15 to 20 years, dams like Itaipu in Brazil they can generate energy for centuries. For Ethiopia, this means a substantial improvement in the quality of life for its rapidly growing population.

The dam's large water storage capacity will help regulate the flow of the Nile River, benefiting not only Ethiopian agriculture, but also that of Sudan and Egypt. This huge lake will combat the damage caused by floods and losses during droughts downstream.

Hydroelectric plants use more local resources compared to other forms of renewable energy. In the case of Ethiopia, the dam is a 100% national project, which promotes the development of the local economy and the use of Ethiopian labor and materials.

Environmental challenges and controversies

Despite the benefits, the construction of the dam is not exempt from criticism. Some researchers warn about possible environmental impacts, such as greenhouse gas emissions and damage to biodiversity. The dam's location on the Blue Nile River, which represents only a third of the Nile River's total water, adds a layer of complexity to debates about sustainability and environmental impact.

“Hydroelectric energy”, “energy”, “renewable energy”, “mega constructions”, “construction”
Três Gorges Plant – photo/reproduction: already news

An ambitious project with big risks

A Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is a project of mega construction which has the potential to transform the country's economy and significantly improve the lives of millions of Ethiopians. However, the path to success is full of challenges, from regional tensions with Egypt and Sudan to environmental controversies. Ethiopia's future depends on how these obstacles are faced and overcome, but one thing is certain: the dam represents a milestone in the quest for renewable energy and development sustainable in Africa.

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Roberta Souza

Petroleum Engineer, postgraduate in Commissioning of Industrial Units, specialist in Industrial Corrosion. Get in touch to suggest an agenda, advertise job vacancies or advertise on our portal. We do not receive resumes

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