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Tensions in South America: Venezuela advances on the territory of Guyana, which has the unconditional support of the United States, and Brazil faces a crisis on its borders

Written by Noel Budeguer
Published 21/05/2024 às 09:53
Tensions in South America: Venezuela advances on Guyanese territory, which has the unconditional support of the United States, and Brazil faces a crisis on its borders
In an unexpected maneuver, Venezuela built a bridge over the Cuyuni River, which marks the border between Venezuelan territory and the disputed region of Essequibo – which has the unconditional support of the United States.

In an unexpected maneuver, Venezuela built a bridge over the Cuyuni River, which marks the border between Venezuelan territory and the disputed region of Essequibo – which has the unconditional support of the United States.

In an unexpected maneuver, Venezuela, led by Nicolás Maduro, built a bridge over the Cuyuni River, which marks the border between Venezuelan territory and the disputed region of Essequibo, belonging to Guyana. This unilateral action is seen as the beginning of an invasion process, similar to what Russia carried out in Ukraine.

According to the Center for International Strategic Studies, Maduro is conducting a military movement on the border territory of Essequibo in a very similar way to what Putin did before the invasion of Ukraine in 2022. The Venezuelan leader has instigated a feeling of nationalism and constant war in his supporters and in the Armed Forces, which could lead him to take concrete action against Guyana.

Satellite monitoring carried out by the study center reveals that the Venezuelan Armed Forces are transferring more equipment and military to the border territory with Essequibo, with the expansion of an airfield and the construction of a control tower on Ananoco Island. This movement indicates that Maduro is preparing for a possible invasion.

The reaction of Guyana and the United States

Guyana, despite being militarily inferior to Venezuela, has the unconditional support of the United States, which has long sought an opportunity to remove Nicolás Maduro from power and increase its presence in the Amazon region.

Recently, the United States Embassy in Georgetown, the capital of Guyana, announced that the country will conduct military exercises in the region, reaffirming its commitment as Guyana's reliable security partner. Two American F-18 Super Hornet fighter jets flew over Guyana, generating alerts in Venezuela, which denounced what it considered “provocations and threats”.

The implications for Brazil

Brazil, which borders the Essequibo region, is directly affected by this crisis. A possible war between Venezuela and Guyana would have unprecedented consequences in Latin America and direct impacts on Brazil, in the diplomatic, economic and social sectors.

The most affected Brazilian state would be Roraima, which in addition to seeing its border population at risk, would have to deal with another exodus of refugees. Diplomatic and commercial relations involving Brazil, Venezuela and Guyana would also be seriously affected, since Brazil would hardly remain neutral in this context.

Furthermore, Brazil would have to mobilize its Armed Forces on the northern border in an alarming manner, something that has not happened for decades. The Brazilian northern border would literally be in the sights of the countries involved in this eventual war for Essequibo.

The position of the Brazilian government

Public opinion on how the current Brazilian government is dealing with the Essequibo Crisis is divided. Some believe that Brazil should remain neutral, while others argue that the country should adopt a stance corresponding to its regional size and mediate this crisis, thus raising its status in international diplomacy.

However, it seems that the Brazilian government is unable to please either side. Its actions during the crisis have been criticized for failing to find a balance between these different positions.

Venezuela's unilateral action in the region

Venezuela's unilateral action in the Essequibo region represents a threat to the stability of South America and places Brazil in a delicate position. A possibility of war between Venezuela and Guyana, with the involvement of the United States, raises serious concerns for Brazil, which will have to deal with the direct consequences of this conflict on its borders.

The Brazilian government needs to adopt a clear and assertive strategy to deal with this crisis, seeking to preserve peace in the region and protect national interests. This is a situation that requires diplomatic skill and a firm stance to prevent Brazil from being drawn into a conflict that could have devastating effects on its security and stability.

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Noel Budeguer

Of Argentine nationality, I am a news writer and specialist in the field. I cover topics such as science, oil, gas, technology, the automotive industry, renewable energy and all trends in the job market.

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