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Amapá could lose territory in the coming decades and the situation is extremely worrying, according to NASA studies

Written by Roberta Souza
Published 11/06/2024 às 14:21
Amapá, national territory, lands, ocean.
Photo: IA

Real threat: Amapá and rising sea levels: Could the state become a new Netherlands? Studies explain that there is a need for urgent action!

O Amapá, a Brazilian state located in the far north of the country, faces a serious and growing threat: rising sea levels. According to studies by NASA and the company Climate central, the rise of the oceans, driven by the melting of polar ice caps, could result in the submersion of large areas of the national territory in the coming decades. This reality is especially worrying for Amapá, whose terrace coastal areas are vulnerable to this global phenomenon, according to EscolaEducação.

Alarming projections for Amapá

According to data from NASA and Climate Central, ocean levels are rising approximately 0,3 meters per year. This increase, mainly attributed to the melting of the Arctic and Antarctic ice caps, poses a serious risk to several coastal regions around the world. If this trend continues, by 2100 many areas, including significant parts of Amapá, could be permanently submerged. Coastal cities like Macapa e oiapoque are in danger of disappearing completely.

As a state with a relatively small population and a geography that includes vast areas of lowlands, Amapá is particularly exposed to the dangers of rising Atlantic Ocean levels. Furthermore, important natural reserves such as Piratuba Lake Biological Reserve and Maraca Island are also under direct threat.

Amapá, national territory, lands, ocean.
photo/reproduction:g1

Are visible changes already happening?

Experts are already observing significant changes in Amapá's river basins. There are reports of new river tributaries, indicating that the region's waterways are receiving more water and expanding. Furthermore, riverside communities have noticed an increase in the salinity of the waters of the Amazon and Araguari rivers, evidence that salty seawater is invading continental bodies of water.

Consequences for the population and environment

If the predictions are confirmed, the consequences for the population and environment of Amapá will be devastating. Urban and rural areas could be submerged, forcing the migration of thousands of people and causing the irreparable loss of natural habitats. The capital Macapá and the city of Oiapoque, among other areas, are at risk of flooding, which could lead to massive displacement of communities and the destruction of critical infrastructure.

To get a clearer idea, “imagine waking up one day and seeing your hometown, with its streets, houses and landmarks, underwater,” commented a local resident. This apocalyptic scenario is what Amapá could face if drastic measures are not taken in time.

Need for urgent action

The warnings issued by scientists and observed in regions such as Amapá should serve as a call to action for Brazilian authorities. It is crucial that risk containment measures are planned and implemented as quickly as possible to mitigate the impacts of sea level rise. This includes building protective barriers, restoring coastal ecosystems and promoting sustainable development practices.

Furthermore, it is essential to increase public awareness about the seriousness of the situation and the need for collective action to protect the national territory. Educational campaigns and adaptation programs can help prepare communities to face future challenges and minimize environmental and social damage.

Similarities with the Netherlands: threat of submersion of Amapá

Like Amapá, the Netherlands faces the constant threat of submersion due to rising sea levels. Both national territories have extensive areas of lowlands that are vulnerable to rising ocean waterlines. However, while the Netherlands has invested heavily in water containment and management systems, Amapá has yet to implement effective measures to protect its coastal areas. Therefore, the comparison highlights the urgency of preventive actions in the Brazilian state to avoid future environmental disasters.

Amapá, national territory, lands, ocean.
Dutch dykes – photo/reproduction: Escolaeeducação

O that podemos fazer?

The fight against rising sea levels is a battle that needs to be fought on several fronts. Governments, non-governmental organizations and civil society must work together to develop effective mitigation and adaptation strategies. Among the measures that can be adopted are:

  • Investment in climate-resilient infrastructure.
  • Promotion of policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Protection and restoration of mangroves and other coastal areas.
  • Education and engagement of local communities about risks and solutions.

Amapá's situation is an urgent reminder that climate change is already affecting our planet in tangible and dangerous ways. Taking action now is crucial to ensuring a sustainable future for the state and the world.

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Roberta Souza

Petroleum Engineer, postgraduate in Commissioning of Industrial Units, specialist in Industrial Corrosion. Get in touch to suggest an agenda, advertise job vacancies or advertise on our portal. We do not receive resumes

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