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Home Stellantis' new 100% ethanol turbo engine with plasma ignition arrives on the automotive market to change everything!

Stellantis' new 100% ethanol turbo engine with plasma ignition arrives on the automotive market to change everything!

3 April 2024 07 gies: 10
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New Stellantis ethanol turbo engine
Photo: Youtube/Playback

The multinational Stellantis plans to launch a new turbo engine 100% powered by ethanol on the Brazilian automotive market that could revolutionize the segment. Understand all the details and settings and how the new engine will work.

In 2019, at the time of the inauguration of its new engine factory in Betim (MG), the multinational Stellantis revealed to the automotive market a new project for a new high-efficiency ethanol turbo engine, which was named E4, based on the 1.3 GSE T4 turbo flex which, in Fiat and Jeep cars, became known as Turbo 270 or T270.

O project for the new turbo ethanol engine was shelved some time later, but resurfaced in 2023, when Stellantis disclosed to journalists its interest in investing more in biofuel derived from sugar cane, either through flex hybrid engines, according to the recently launched Bio-Hybrid family, or powertrains powered solely by ethanol.

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During the launch of the Bio-Hybrid platform, which will be made up of three different types of hybrid engines, Stellantis executives gave small updates on how the development of the company's new turbo ethanol engine is progressing. Apparently, the project took surprising directions in the global automotive market.

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If the information is correct, the new ethanol turbo engine is no longer being developed to drive the wheels, but rather to serve as a power generator for an electric motor, along the lines of the system Nissan e-Power.

However, the set still has a microreformer with the aim of optimizing the engine’s operation and energy generation. The objective would be to offer the technology not for passenger cars, but for larger utility vehicles, which need greater autonomy to run.

How Stellantis' new turbo ethanol engine will work?

Unlike the Nissan e-Power system, used in compact passenger cars, which can run on a relatively small volume of energy, utility vehicles such as passenger vans and larger cargo vans require more torque and elasticity to operate.

Consequently, they need more simultaneous energy to run and greater autonomy for long distances. This would justify the use of the four-cylinder GSE engine, and not the three-cylinder one, with turbocharging. The reformer would be used for the so-called Exhaust Gas Reform and Recirculation (REGR), an evolution of the EGR gas recirculation system present in diesel engines.

Through this Stellantis turbo ethanol engine, there would be the so-called catalysis of these gases and small amounts of ethanol, transforming the gases that would be eliminated through the exhaust into four others: Hydrogen (H2), Carbon monoxide (CO), Carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). The hydrogen and carbon monoxide would be returned to the combustion chamber. This H2 allows you to work with less aggressive plasma ignition, using less energy and improving fuel consumption, in addition to further reducing emissions.

Stellantis also plans new flex hybrid engine

In addition to the ethanol-powered turbo engine, Stellantis is also developing a new flex hybrid engine, which will make it possible to use other biofuels in combination with electric motors, reducing costs and the carbon footprint.

For Stellantis executive, Antonio Filosa, Brazil has ample alternatives to quickly reduce CO2 emissions of vehicles through the combination of their biofuels with electrification, but incentives are needed for this transition to happen.

The executive, in relation to recent press criticism about ethanol delaying the country's electrification and technological progress, commented that abroad, this unique Brazilian advantage in the world is very well recognized, but it seems that Brazilians disregard the immense alternatives that they only exist here.

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Gilberto Guimaro Filipini
Gilberto Guimaro Filipini
Visitor
April 3, 2024 12:48 PM

Ethanol is an old reality in our country! Our people don't value it! Technology is ready... go ahead and show the capacity of this renewable fuel that few value!

Jose Roberto
Jose Roberto
Visitor
Answer to  Gilberto Guimaro Filipini
April 4, 2024 09:47 PM

Not quite like that!
The sugar and alcohol industry itself does not inspire confidence in the market, we already had around 90% of the fleet powered exclusively by alcohol and the producers simply caused shortages by starting to produce sugar for export because the price was better than that of alcohol!

Geraldo
Geraldo
Visitor
Answer to  Jose Roberto
April 7, 2024 10:28 PM

We had 90% of the industry producing alcohol engines. Unlike the entire fleet running on alcohol. But even so, the question is not in the alcohol industry but in the government and its trends that affect the industry. Solved that. Alcohol is the best option for reducing emissions. Those who are old remember the smell of the air in large centers in Brazil. And they bought it today. And very different and better. There are catalysts for sure, but ethanol is very important in this equation.

Boko Moko
Boko Moko
Visitor
Answer to  Gilberto Guimaro Filipini
April 7, 2024 14:32 PM

Do you know if there is an ethanol plant that operates without consuming diesel oil in its operation?

Mauricio
Mauricio
Visitor
Answer to  Boko Moko
April 9, 2024 10:19 PM

Almost all. They use the sugarcane bagasse itself to run the boilers and make steam run throughout the industry.

Sergio Amaral
Sergio Amaral
Visitor
April 3, 2024 13:13 PM

Stellantis is only running now after the Chinese dethroned sales and reduced prices, which demonstrates that the market economy is still the best education for the consumer…..

Caio Boson
Caio Boson
Visitor
April 3, 2024 15:33 PM

The question is whether we have enough intellectual “critical mass” to explore ethanol in more depth.

Paulo
Paulo
Visitor
April 3, 2024 18:20 PM

Only ethanol is a trap. Being without anywhere to get gas, walking and having a car. Or when I did, I had to store it at home with the inherent risks. Only ethanol is trouble.

Rosenwald pelicari
Rosenwald pelicari
Visitor
April 3, 2024 19:35 PM

These innovations take me back to 1976. That year, Fiat launched the 147 with a timing belt and transverse engine. The mechanics shied away from the novelty but didn't keep up to date. Result? The car was heavily criticized due to the mechanics….

Dudu Lima
Dudu Lima(@duduopala)
Member
April 6, 2024 00:30 PM

It is not possible to understand the mentality of the government and those who produce ethanol in this country. We are the largest producer of biofuel in the world, but ethanol is sold here at exaggeratedly high prices for consumers. There are places throughout Brazil where a liter of ethanol exceeds the cost of R$5,00!

Douglas Reis
Douglas Reis
Visitor
April 9, 2024 06:41 PM

Only an electric engine is very expensive, the best thing would be an ethanol-only engine that was developed to be super economical

Celso
Celso
Visitor
April 11, 2024 14:12 PM

Unfortunately, Brazilians tend to value what is not produced in the country

Fraga Araujo
Fraga Araujo
Visitor
April 11, 2024 18:22 PM

Excellent project, it would be a type of combined cycle currently used in NG mills, with 40% efficiency over conventional cycles.
When it comes to lower powers and new technologies, system efficiency can be increased.

Paulocafesantos
Paulocafesantos
Visitor
April 13, 2024 07:59 PM

Combustion engine is for a museum. We will be left behind by the rest of the world. There's no way to compete with an electric motor. The only thing that still holds its complete supremacy are the batteries. That will be resolved very quickly. And it won't be through a combustion generator. Ethanol = hydrogen. Oh yes, we are on the path of the future.

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